Foot pain is a very common complaint and can be of several types. In this article, we discuss the most common types, their causes as well as treatment for the specific types of foot problem.

Causes of pain in the foot

In most cases, pain in the feet comes about as a result of a problem being in any area of the foot. The source of the pain in the foot can be bones, skin, blood vessels, nerves, ligaments, muscles, tendons, toenails, fascia and nerves.
The type of pain in your foot can be categorized according to location as well as by looking at the most common causes of such foot pains.

Heel Pain

In most cases, heel pain is caused by plantar fasciitis. It happens when the plantar fascia becomes inflamed or irritated. Heel pain is the commonest of symptoms of this type of pain in the foot. It is most severe in the morning when you hop out of bed. Sometimes, it may also be accompanied by arch pain.

  • Treatment
  • Resting
  • Foot and foot muscle stretches
  • Wearing shoes that have excellent arch support as well as a cushioned sole
  • It can also be controlled by OTC (over-the-counter) pain relievers.

Heel spurs
These refer to unusual growth of bones especially at the bottom part of heel bone and it may be cause by a number of factors like posture or walking, abnormal gait, certain activities or inappropriate shoes. These may cause you to feel pain in the foot while standing or walking. While statistics show that 1 in 10 people suffer from heel spurs, only 5% of these people are likely to suffer from foot pain. Although heel spurs may occur in individuals who suffer from plantar fasciitis, they are not the cause of plantar fasciitis. A flat-footed person or one that wears high arches has higher likelihood of having foot pain as a result of heel spurs.


  • Rest
  • Customized insert (orthotic) that is worn inside the shoe
  • Surgery (this is rare)
  • OTC pain relievers
  • Physical therapy (this is also rare)
  • Bunion

Also known as hallux valgus, bunion refers to a bony protuberance along the foot’s edge and adjacent to your big toe’s base. While anyone can suffer from bunion, women who wear ill-fitting footwear are the most at risk.


  • Reverting to shoes that are more comfortable
  • Try orthotics if you find this unsuccessful
  • Should the above methods be all unsuccessful, then the only solution might be surgery.

Toe Pain

Toe pain is mainly caused by arthritis, and this also includes gout. Gout refers to an inflammatory condition where there is periodic depositing of crystals in joints. This leads to severe pain as well as swelling. Gout mostly affects the big toe.


  • Rest
  • Use of medication like colchicine, NSAD (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) medications or sometimes prednisone
  • Diet restriction and daily medication
  • Pain relievers

Stone bruise

This refers to the bruise that occurs in the fat pad of your heel. Usually, it can be triggered by stepping on a hard object or a rock.


The above are the most common types and causes of pain in the foot. Knowing the various types of foot pains, their causes as well as toe fungus treatment can help you to manage them better.  Contact Austin Foot Fungus Treatment centers now!